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Our atheist singles are no different; working on the premise that having shared values is vital to a strong future relationship, we take the time to really get to know you when you take our personality test. Once you complete our simple registration process you can start meeting our wealth of great atheist singles.

We aim to send you matches per day; these are the people we think most merit your consideration, and with whom you have the best chance of sharing a future. If and when you have more time, you can always look at additional profiles using our 'Have you met This is atheist dating made easy! So who, exactly, are the atheist singles on our site? Does that sound like you? Register today and see who you can meet! Is there a special way to woo atheist singles? In Western classical Antiquity , theism was the fundamental belief that supported the legitimacy of the state the polis , later the Roman Empire.

Historically, any person who did not believe in any deity supported by the state was fair game to accusations of atheism, a capital crime.

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For political reasons, Socrates in Athens BCE was accused of being atheos "refusing to acknowledge the gods recognized by the state". Christians in Rome were also considered subversive to the state religion and persecuted as atheists. The first Hellenic philosophers were not atheists, but they attempted to explain the world in terms of the processes of nature instead of by mythological accounts.

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Thus lightning was the result of "wind breaking out and parting the clouds", [11] and earthquakes occurred when "the earth is considerably altered by heating and cooling". Xenophanes 6th century BCE famously said that if cows and horses had hands, "then horses would draw the forms of gods like horses, and cows like cows". The first fully materialistic philosophy was produced by the atomists Leucippus and Democritus 5th century BCE , who attempted to explain the formation and development of the world in terms of the chance movements of atoms moving in infinite space.

Euripides — BCE , in his play Bellerophon , had the eponymous main character say:. There are not; no, there are not. Let no fool, Led by the old false fable, thus deceive you. A fragment from the lost satyr play Sisyphus , which has been attributed to both Critias and Euripides , claims that a clever man invented "the fear of the gods" in order to frighten people into behaving morally.

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Surely you don't believe in the gods. In the fifth century BCE the Sophists began to question many of the traditional assumptions of Greek culture. Prodicus of Ceos was said to have believed that "it was the things which were serviceable to human life that had been regarded as gods", [21] and Protagoras stated at the beginning of a book that "With regard to the gods I am unable to say either that they exist or do not exist".

The most important Greek thinker in the development of atheism was Epicurus c. The Epicureans also denied the existence of an afterlife and the need to fear divine punishment after death. One of the most eloquent expressions of Epicurean thought is Lucretius ' On the Nature of Things 1st century BCE in which he held that gods exist but argued that religious fear was one the chief cause of human unhappiness and that the gods did not involve themselves in the world. Epicurians denied being atheist but their critics insisted. One explanation for this kind of crypto-atheism, is that they were afraid of persecutions.

Epicureans were not persecuted, but their teachings were controversial and were harshly attacked by the mainstream schools of Stoicism and Neoplatonism. The movement remained marginal, and gradually died out by the end of the Roman Empire.

The ancient world was not all roses for atheists though. After some drawbacks in the peloponnesian war , especialy after the failed Sicilian Expedition , society took a conservative turn and laws atheism and foreign religions were promptly taken Decree of Diopeithes. Anaxagoras was the first to be exiled under this new law. In medieval Islam , Muslim scholars recognized the idea of atheism and frequently attacked unbelievers , although they were unable to name any atheists.

The titular character of the Icelandic saga Hrafnkell , written in the late thirteenth century, says, "I think it is folly to have faith in gods". Jacob Grimm in his Teutonic Mythology observes,. It is remarkable that Old Norse legend occasionally mentions certain men who, turning away in utter disgust and doubt from the heathen faith, placed their reliance on their own strength and virtue. Subsequent to Grimm's investigation, scholars including J.

In Christian Europe, people were persecuted for heresy, especially in countries where the Inquisition was active. Prominent examples of dissent included the Cathers and the Waldensians.

These sects, however antagonistic to the Church, are not examples of Atheism. While rebellions against the Church occurred, none could be considered exactly Atheist. Another phenomenon in the Middle Ages was proofs of the existence of God. Both Anselm of Canterbury , and later, William of Ockham acknowledge adversaries who doubt the existence of God. Thomas Aquinas ' five proofs of God's existence and Anselm's ontological argument implicitly acknowledged the validity of the question about God's existence.

The charge of atheism was used to attack political or religious opponents. Pope Boniface VIII , because he insisted on the political supremacy of the church, was accused by his enemies after his death of holding unlikely positions such as "neither believing in the immortality nor incorruptibility of the soul, nor in a life to come".

John Arnold's Belief and Unbelief in Medieval Europe discusses individuals who were indifferent to the Church and did not participate in faith practices. Arnold notes that while these examples could be perceived as simply people being lazy, it demonstrates that "belief was not universally fervent". Arnold enumerates examples of people not attending church, and even those who excluded the Church from their marriage. Disbelief, Arnold argues, stemmed from boredom. Arnold argues that while some blasphemy implies the existence of God, laws demonstrate that there were also cases of blasphemy that directly attacked articles of faith.

Italian preachers in the fourteenth century also warned of unbelievers and people who lacked belief. During the time of the Renaissance and the Reformation , criticism of the religious establishment became more frequent in predominantly Christian countries, but did not amount to atheism, per se.

The word "atheist" appears in English books at least as early as During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the word 'atheist' was used exclusively as an insult; nobody wanted to be regarded as an atheist. According to Geoffrey Blainey , the Reformation in Europe had paved the way for atheists by attacking the authority of the Catholic Church, which in turn "quietly inspired other thinkers to attack the authority of the new Protestant churches".

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Deism gained influence in France, Prussia and England, and proffered belief in a noninterventionist deity, but "while some deists were atheists in disguise, most were religious, and by today's standards would be called true believers". The scientific and mathematical discoveries of such as Copernicus, Newton and Descartes sketched a pattern of natural laws that lent weight to this new outlook [53] Blainey wrote that the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza was "probably the first well known 'semi-atheist' to announce himself in a Christian land in the modern era".

Spinoza had been expelled from his synagogue for his protests against the teachings of its rabbis and for failing to attend Saturday services.


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He believed that God did not interfere in the running of the world, but rather that natural laws explained the workings of the universe. In he published his Short Treatise on God , but he was not a popular figure for the first century following his death: He lived the good life and made his living in a useful way. It took courage to be a Spinoza or even one of his supporters. If a handful of scholars agreed with his writings, they did not so say in public".

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The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes — was also accused of atheism, but he denied it. His theism was unusual, in that he held god to be material. Even earlier, the British playwright and poet Christopher Marlowe — was accused of atheism when a tract denying the divinity of Christ was found in his home. Before he could finish defending himself against the charge, Marlowe was murdered.

In early modern times, the first explicit atheist known by name was the German-languaged Danish critic of religion Matthias Knutzen —after , who published three atheist writings in Hence the people are architects and engineers of God and God is not a true being, but a being existing only within mind, being chimaeric by its nature, because a God and a chimaera are the same.

IV — simple folk are cheated by the more cunning with the fabrication of God for their own oppression; whereas the same oppression is shielded by the folk in a way, that if the wise attempted to free them by the truth, they would be quelled by the very people. While not gaining converts from large portions of the population, versions of deism became influential in certain intellectual circles.

Jean Jacques Rousseau challenged the Christian notion that human beings had been tainted by sin since the Garden of Eden, and instead proposed that humans were originally good, only later to be corrupted by civilization. The influential figure of Voltaire , spread deistic notions of to a wide audience. Arguably the first book in modern times solely dedicated to promoting atheism was written by French Catholic priest Jean Meslier — , whose posthumously published lengthy philosophical essay part of the original title: Thoughts and Feelings of Jean Meslier Clear and Evident Demonstrations of the Vanity and Falsity of All the Religions of the World [60] rejects the concept of god both in the Christian and also in the Deistic sense , the soul, miracles and the discipline of theology.

By the s, atheism in some predominantly Christian countries was ceasing to be a dangerous accusation that required denial, and was evolving into a position openly avowed by some. The first open denial of the existence of God and avowal of atheism since classical times may be that of Baron d'Holbach — in his work, The System of Nature.

Nevertheless, his book was published under a pseudonym, and was banned and publicly burned by the Executioner. In Scotland, David Hume produced a six volume history of England in , which gave little attention to God. He implied that if God existed he was impotent in the face of European upheaval. Hume ridiculed miracles, but walked a careful line so as to avoid being too dismissive of Christianity. With Hume's presence, Edinburgh gained a reputation as a "haven of atheism", alarming many ordinary Britons. The culte de la Raison developed during the uncertain period —94 Years I and III of the Revolution , following the September massacres , when Revolutionary France was rife with fears of internal and foreign enemies.

The churches were closed in May and more securely 24 November , when the Catholic Mass was forbidden. Blainey wrote that "atheism seized the pedestal in revolutionary France in the s. The secular symbols replaced the cross. In the cathedral of Notre Dame the altar, the holy place, was converted into a monument to Reason Historic churches were dismantled.

The Cult of Reason was celebrated in a carnival atmosphere of parades, ransacking of churches, ceremonious iconoclasm , in which religious and royal images were defaced, and ceremonies which substituted the "martyrs of the Revolution" for Christian martyrs. The pamphlet Answer to Dr. Priestley's Letters to a Philosophical Unbeliever is considered to be the first published declaration of atheism in Britain—plausibly the first in English as distinct from covert or cryptically atheist works.

The otherwise unknown William Hammon possibly a pseudonym signed the preface and postscript as editor of the work, and the anonymous main text is attributed to Matthew Turner d.

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